Levothyroxine (Injection route)

Pronunciation:

lee-voe-thye-ROX-een

Brand Names:

  • Synthroid

Dosage Forms:

  • Powder for Solution

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Thyroid Supplement

Uses of This Medicine:

Levothyroxine injection is used to treat myxedema coma (severe hypothyroidism), a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. The powder form of levothyroxine injection can be used as a substitute for the oral dose when a rapid effect is needed and when the oral route is not allowed.

This medicine is to be given only by or under the supervision of your doctor.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatrics-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of levothyroxine injection in the pediatric population.

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of levothyroxine injection in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related heart and blood vessel problems, which may require caution in patients receiving levothyroxine injection.

Breast-feeding—

Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Midodrine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Chlorotrianisene
  • Cholestyramine
  • Chromium
  • Colesevelam
  • Conjugated Estrogens
  • Conjugated Estrogens Synthetic A
  • Conjugated Estrogens Synthetic B
  • Dexlansoprazole
  • Dienestrol
  • Diethylstilbestrol
  • Esomeprazole
  • Esterified Estrogens
  • Estradiol
  • Estramustine
  • Estriol
  • Estropipate
  • Ethinyl Estradiol
  • Fosphenytoin
  • Imatinib
  • Kelp
  • Lansoprazole
  • Lanthanum Carbonate
  • Lopinavir
  • Mestranol
  • Omeprazole
  • Pantoprazole
  • Phenytoin
  • Polyestradiol Phosphate
  • Promestriene
  • Quinestrol
  • Rabeprazole
  • Rifampin
  • Ritonavir
  • Sevelamer
  • Simvastatin
  • Tibolone

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following may cause an increased risk of certain side effects but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use this medicine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.

  • Soybean

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Adrenal insufficiency or Addison's disease (adrenal gland problem), uncorrected or
  • Thyrotoxicosis (overactive thyroid)—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
  • Clotting disorder or
  • Diabetes or
  • Heart disease (history of) or
  • Underactive pituitary gland—Use with caution. May side effects to become worse.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine in a medical facility. It is given through a needle placed into one of your veins.

You will receive a few doses of this medicine, then your doctor may switch you to an oral dosage form.

Dosing—

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For injection form (powder for solution):
    • For the treatment of hypothyroidism:
      • Adults—50 to 100 micrograms (mcg) injected into a muscle or vein once a day. People with very serious conditions caused by too little thyroid hormone may need higher doses.
      • Children—Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor.
  • For injection form (powder for solution):
    • For myxedema coma:
      • Adults—The loading dose is usually 300 to 500 micrograms (mcg) injected into a vein once a day. The maintenance dose is usually 50 to 100 mcg injected into a vein once a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to take it. Blood tests will be needed to check for unwanted effects.

This medicine may increase your risk of heart rhythm problems or heart attack. Check with your doctor right away if you have dizziness, fainting, fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat, chest pain or discomfort, or pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck.

This medicine may cause new or worsening heart failure. Check with your doctor right away if you have more than one of these symptoms: chest pain, decreased urine output, dilated neck veins, extreme fatigue, irregular breathing, irregular heartbeat, swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs, tightness in the chest, trouble breathing, or weight gain.

Levothyroxine should not be used for the treatment of obesity or for the purpose of losing weight. This medicine is ineffective for weight reduction and when taken in larger amounts may cause more serious medical conditions.

Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. This medicine may affect the results of certain medical tests.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Rare
Seizures
Incidence not known
Fast heartbeat
fever
hives, itching, skin rash
hoarseness
irritation
joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
redness of the skin
swelling of the eyelids, face, lips, hands, or feet
tightness in the chest
troubled breathing or swallowing

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:

Anxiety
changes in menstrual periods
chest pain, discomfort, or heaviness
decreased urine output
diarrhea
dilated neck veins
excessive sweating
extreme tiredness or weakness
fainting
fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
feeling of warmth
hand tremors
headache
heat intolerance
increased appetite
leg cramps
mood changes
muscle weakness or spasm
nausea
nervousness
pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
restlessness
sensitivity to heat
stomach cramps
sweating
trouble sleeping
trouble sitting still
vomiting
weight gain or loss

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 6/2/2022

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites.

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The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites.
All rights reserved.