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Splenic infarction

Splenic infarction is the death of tissue (necrosis) in the spleen due to a blockage in blood flow.

Causes

Common causes of splenic infarction include:

  • Blood clots from the heart
  • Blood cancer, such as lymphoma or leukemia
  • Diseases in which the blood clots more easily, such as sickle cell disease
  • Inflammation of the pancreas or a mass in the pancreas pressing on the blood vessels to the spleen

Text only

Review Date: 9/19/2021

Reviewed By

Debra G. Wechter, MD, FACS, General Surgery Practice Specializing in Breast Cancer, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

References

Connell NT, Shurin SB, Schiffman F. The spleen and its disorders. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ, Silberstein LE, et al, eds. Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 160.

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The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., a business unit of Ebix, Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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Spleen anatomy - Illustration Thumbnail

Spleen anatomy

The spleen is an organ that filters the blood, stores blood cells, removes old red blood cells, and produces certain white blood cells.

Illustration

Spleen anatomy - Illustration Thumbnail

Spleen anatomy

The spleen is an organ that filters the blood, stores blood cells, removes old red blood cells, and produces certain white blood cells.

Illustration

 
 
 
 

 

 
 

 
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