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Liver disease

The term "liver disease" applies to many conditions that stop the liver from working or prevent it from functioning well. Abdominal pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), or abnormal results of liver function tests may suggest you have liver disease.

Related topics include:

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Review Date: 5/27/2020

Reviewed By

Jenifer K. Lehrer, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Aria - Jefferson Health Torresdale, Jefferson Digestive Diseases Network, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

References

Anstee QM, Jones DEJ. Hepatology. In: Ralston SH, Penman ID, Strachan MWJ, Hobson RP, eds. Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 22.

Martin P. Approach to the patient with liver disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 137.

Disclaimer

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., a business unit of Ebix, Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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Fatty liver - CT scan - Illustration Thumbnail

Fatty liver - CT scan

A CT scan of the upper abdomen showing a fatty liver (steatosis of the liver). Note the liver enlargement and dark color compared with the spleen (gray body in lower right).

Illustration

Liver with disproportional fattening - CT scan - Illustration Thumbnail

Liver with disproportional fattening - CT scan

A CT scan of the upper abdomen showing disproportional steatosis (fattening) of the liver.

Illustration

Cirrhosis of the liver - Illustration Thumbnail

Cirrhosis of the liver

A chronic liver disease which causes damage to liver tissue, scarring of the liver (fibrosis; nodular regeneration), progressive decrease in liver function, excessive fluid in the abdomen (ascites), bleeding disorders (coagulopathy), increased pressure in the blood vessels (portal hypertension), and brain function disorders (hepatic encephalopathy). Excessive alcohol use is the leading cause of cirrhosis.

Illustration

Liver - Illustration Thumbnail

Liver

The liver serves a wide variety of body functions, including detoxifying blood and producing bile that aids in digestion.

Illustration

Fatty liver - CT scan - Illustration Thumbnail

Fatty liver - CT scan

A CT scan of the upper abdomen showing a fatty liver (steatosis of the liver). Note the liver enlargement and dark color compared with the spleen (gray body in lower right).

Illustration

Liver with disproportional fattening - CT scan - Illustration Thumbnail

Liver with disproportional fattening - CT scan

A CT scan of the upper abdomen showing disproportional steatosis (fattening) of the liver.

Illustration

Cirrhosis of the liver - Illustration Thumbnail

Cirrhosis of the liver

A chronic liver disease which causes damage to liver tissue, scarring of the liver (fibrosis; nodular regeneration), progressive decrease in liver function, excessive fluid in the abdomen (ascites), bleeding disorders (coagulopathy), increased pressure in the blood vessels (portal hypertension), and brain function disorders (hepatic encephalopathy). Excessive alcohol use is the leading cause of cirrhosis.

Illustration

Liver - Illustration Thumbnail

Liver

The liver serves a wide variety of body functions, including detoxifying blood and producing bile that aids in digestion.

Illustration

 
 
 
 

 

 
 

 
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